Publications

7 Août 2003

Vous trouverez dans cette rubrique des ouvrages, articles et essais récents sur le commerce et le développement durable. Si vous désirez profiter de l'espace pour annoncer un document, veuillez nous envoyer une copie à l'adresse : taoufik@enda.sn En français

ACICI, Dossier thématique : Agenda Post-Doha, Les questions de Singapour : Commerce et investissement à l’OMC. http:// www.acici.org/documentation/notes/note25_fr.htm

Collectif d’auteurs, Christian Deblock, L’Organisation mondiale du commerce - Où s’en va la mondialisation ? Novembre 2002 ( 300 pages).

Didier Stephany Développement Durable et Performance de l’Entreprise, Editions Liaisons - 06/2003. http:// www.eyrolles.com/php.management/Biographie/

FAO, Situation mondiale des pêches et de l’aquaculture 2002. http://www.fao.org/icatalog/inter-f.htm

John Madeley, Le commerce de la faim. La sécurité alimentaire sacrifiée à l’autel du libre-échange, Les Editions de l’Atelier, Collection Enjeux Planète, août 2002.

Marc Iynedjian, Accord de l’organisation mondiale du commerce sur l’application des mesures sanitaires et phytosanitaires, mars 2002.

Michel DAMIAN, Jean-Christophe GRAZ, Commerce international et développement soutenable, Economica 2001.

OCDE, Perspectives agricoles de l’OCDE 2003 - 2008, principales conclusions. http://www.oecd.org/pdf/> 00041000/M00041751.pdf

OCDE : Mobiliser les marchés au service de la biodiversité pour une politique de conservation et d’exploitation durable, Juin 2003.

OCDE : L’Accord sur l’agriculture du cycle d’Uruguay Une évaluation de sa mise en oeuvre dans les pays de l’OCDE, avril 2001. http://www.sourceocde.org/content/templates/el/el_searchexpand.htm

OMC, Rapport annuel de l’OMC 2003. Le Rapport annuel 2003 porte essentiellement sur la première année complète de négociations menées dans le cadre du Programme de Doha pour le développement. A télécharger à : https://secure.vtx.ch/

OMC, Statistique du Commerce International 2002. Ce rapport contient des statistiques détaillées, comparables et à jour sur le commerce des marchandises et des services permettant d’évaluer les courants d’échanges mondiaux par pays, par région et par grands groupes de produits ou catégories de services. En anglais

DOHA ROUND BRIEFING SERIES -- CANCUN UPDATE, AUGUST 2003. The Doha Round Briefing Series is published by the ICTSD in collaboration with the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD). The briefings serve as a guide to the multilateral WTO negotiations under the Doha Round. Thirteen "executive summaries" offer a progress report on the issues under negotiation. They are written for the non-expert with a strong interest in trade policy and negotiations. The first volume, published in February 2003, have been updated with a second volume for the fifth WTO Ministerial in Cancun, Mexico from 10-14 September. The second volume of each briefing includes a section on the prospects for Cancun. To access the briefings, visit http://www.ictsd.org/pubs/dohabriefings/index.htm.

HOW MUCH DOES IT HURT? THE IMPACT OF AGRICULTURAL TRADE POLICIES ON DEVELOPING COUNTRIES. By the International Food Policy Research Institute, August 2003. According to this study, protectionism and subsidies by industrialised nations cost developing countries about US$24 billion annually in lost agricultural and agro-industrial income. Trade-distorting measures of industrialised nations (mainly the EU, US and Japan) also displace more than US$40 billion of net agricultural exports per year from developing countries. The study states that eliminating these measures would triple developing countries' net agricultural trade. The study is downloadable at: http://www.ifpri.org/.

FOOD FIRST REPORTS. By the Institute for Food and Development Policy, August 2003. Food First has launched a series of policy briefs, aimed at providing ammunition for activists working against the WTO's agreement on agriculture, and liberalised trade in agriculture. These reports, covering the US, Mexico, Brazil, China, India and South Africa, examine agricultural change over the past twenty years, and show who wins and who loses through liberalisation in rural areas. The series of reports exposes how agricultural trade agreements in these six countries has cost the poor jobs and income, has increased rural poverty and inequality, and has wiped out small farms and communities. The reports are available at: http://www.foodfirst.org/pubs/policy/.

DECODING CANCUN: HARD DECISIONS FOR A DEVELOPMENT ROUND. By John Audley, George Perkovich, Sandra Polaski, and Scott Vaughan (CEIP, August 2003). Negotiators will meet in Cancun, Mexico, in September amid competing claims regarding what steps are necessary to make trade serve development goals. The authors note that the catch phrases of international trade -- "comparative advantage," "the development round," "trade not aid," and "level playing field" -- hide tough choices for both developing and developed country governments. Getting trade rules right is not sufficient for development, but getting them wrong can cripple it. The authors outline policies that governments and international institutions will need to avoid a debacle at Cancun and to assist developing countries in achieving long-lasting growth. For further information and to download the paper, see: http://www.ceip.org/files//Trade_PB26.asp?from=pubdate.

COMPETITION POLICY IN THE WTO AND FTAA: A TROJAN HORSE FOR INTERNATIONAL TRADE NEGOTIATIONS? By Marc Lee and Charles Morand (Canadian Centre for Policy Alternatives, August 2003). When WTO Ministers gather in Cancun in September 2003, they will decide whether to proceed with full negotiations on competition policy (one of four "Singapore issues") as part of the Doha Round. Competition policy is also a negotiating area in the proposed Free Trade Area of the Americas. The authors seek to provide an overview of competition policy and the elevation of competition policy to the international level as part of trade negotiations. The highlight two concerns: new competition disciplines may be used to undermine public sector monopolies (e.g. public health insurance) and state enterprises (e.g. Crown corporations); and competition policy may further restrict the capacity of governments to engage in public interest regulation and industrial policies. The paper can be viewed at: http://www.policyalternatives.ca/.

CRACKING THE WTO CODE: UNDERSTANDING TRADE TERMS. By Friends of the Earth International (August 2003). This guide seeks to help would-be trade campaigners crack the WTO code. Understanding trade jargon is an essential first step for anyone wanting to understand or change the international trade system. For the sake of simplicity this guide does not attempt to analyse any of the terms that are included -- it functions as a quick-reference dictionary. The guide is available online at: http://www.foei.org/publications/trade/wtoglossarysnenglish_lowresol.pdf.

PURCHASING POWER: HARNESSING INSTITUTIONAL PROCUREMENT FOR PEOPLE AND THE PLANET. By Lisa Mastny (Worldwatch Institute, July 2003). According to this paper, corporations, international organisations, universities, and other large institutions are key in fostering the shift towards an environmentally sustainable world. These "mega-consumers" spend billions of dollars annually on goods and services, which is often more than the gross domestic product of entire countries. The article analyses the impact of this "mega-consumption" on the environment. Lisa Mastny is confident that institutions can play a positive role in relation to the environment: they can help spread green purchasing in developing countries by using their own procurements to strengthen local green markets. For further information, and to order the paper, visit: http://www.worldwatch.org/pubs/paper/166/.

THE CARTAGENA PROTOCOL ON BIOSAFETY: RECONCILING TRADE IN BIOTECHNOLOGY WITH ENVIRONMENT AND DEVELOPMENT? Edited by Christoph Bail, Robert Falkner and Helen Marquard (Earthscan, June 2003). The book provides a comprehensive review of the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity, which sets out international rules and mechanisms for ensuring adequate protection in the handling, transport, use and release of living modified organisms. For more information visit: http://www.earthscan.co.uk/asp/bookdetails.asp? key=3959 http://www.earthscan.co.uk/asp/bookdetails.asp?%20key=3959.

7 Août 2003
Cette rubrique présente une liste de réunions concernant le commerce et le développement durable. Elles se tiendront dans les différents organes de l’ OMC ou dans d'autres organisations au cours du...
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7 Août 2003
Sur l'agriculture, le texte reflète certains éléments du plan commun de l'Union européenne et des Etats-Unis publié le 13 août dernier, et tient compte des proposition soumises par plusieurs pays en...
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